This expenditure includes investments and consumption, according to Eurostat. As a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), expenditure on environmental protection remained relatively stable over the last 15 years at about 2.0% of GDP.
Following the tendency of previous years, corporations’ spending was the largest share of the environmental protection expenditure, accounting for 55% of the total in 2021. The general government and non-profit sector share of the expenditure was 24%, while the households’ share was 21% of that year’s total.
This information comes from data on environmental protection expenditure accounts published by Eurostat today.